Key Points About
The Chanticleer Pear
The Chanticleer pear, also known as a Callery pear, is a much loved addition to a yard or backyard garden. What makes these trees so popular is their beauty and shape, and the fact that they are sturdy and highly resistant to diseases and hard weather. This variety is named after a French Missionary, Joseph Callery. He discovered this beautiful tree in 1858 in China and collected trees to take home. In 1917 seeds were brought to the US for cultivation.
Characteristics of the Chanticleer Pear Tree
The tree's scientific name is Pyrus Calleryana. It became popular not just due to its showy beauty, but because it tends to grow straight up. This makes it highly desired for areas where space is premium. The shape is pyramidal and it takes up a much narrower area than other types of fruit trees. They can attain a height of 40 feet, but only take up about 15 feet of space horizontally when fully grown. The bark is smooth and reddish brown until the tree matures and then it changes to a darker brown, with even darker horizontal furrows, marked with white.
In the Spring, usually March, the tree comes into bloom in a glory of white flowers, blooming thickly on branches that have not yet sprout leaves. So it appears as a breath-taking, solid white, fluffy display. The flowers grow in dense clusters. As Spring progresses, the new leaves come in before the flowers drop, creating a delicate pale green and white foliage.
In the Summer, the tree is densely leafed out. The oval leaves are glossy, dark green. Fruit begins forming when the blossoms drop off and grows throughout the summer.
In the Fall, the leaves turn color. They begin by shifting from green to yellow. By October they have attained a brilliant, fiery orange. Before they drop off they last turn a deep, purplish red. Chanticleers are prized for their hardy nature. They hardly ever get sick and are not susceptible to fireblight, the bane of pear tree growers.
Chanticleer Pear Fruit
This tree is known as an "ornamental." Chanticleers do produce a pear, but it is hard, almost woody, and quite bitter. The pears are small, round, and reddish brown in color. They stay on the tree throughout the Fall and Winter. You can eat them, but probably won't enjoy the taste. Birds do though, and help to propagate the trees by excreting the seeds after consumption.
Planting and Caring For Your Chanticleer
They do well in zones 5 through 8. Plant in the winter or spring. Chose a spot where your tree will have a 15' diameter area of free space, and full sun. Be sure the soil has sandy loam in it and good drainage. Dig a wide hole to give the root ball plenty of room to spread. Soak the hole when 2./3 full of soil, then water well again when done planting. As it matures, be sure to prune it properly in late winter or early spring. Your county extension agent can help you with care guidance for your specific area.
This beautiful tree will give you a lot of pleasure as it goes through its seasons. The bees and butterflies will come, and birds will have winter food and homes for their nests in the spring. A Chanticleer pear is a wise choice to add splendor to your home garden.